Scala syntax highlighting in gedit

Update: A small typo, an unnecessary “<” tag before xmlns in scala-mime.xml has been corrected. Thanks @win for finding the error. See the comments below for additional references.

The default text editor on Ubuntu, or for that matter any Gnome powered desktop, is gedit. If you are a developer like me, who isn’t a huge fan of IDE(s), there is a good chance you use gedit for some of your development. Gedit supports syntax highlighting for a number of languages but if you were hacking some Scala code using the editor, you wouldn’t find any syntax highlighting support out-of-the-box. However, the Scala folks offer gedit syntax highlighting support via the scala-tool-support subproject. To get it working with your gedit installation, do the following:

  1. Download the scala.lang file from You can checkout the source using svn or scrape the screen by simply copying the contents and pasting it into a file named scala.lang. On Ubuntu, using Ctrl-Shift and the mouse, helps accurately select and copy the content from the screen.
  2. Copy or move scala.lang file to ~/.gnome2/gtksourceview-1.0/language-specs/
  3. Create a file named scala-mime.xml at /usr/share/mime/packages/ using
    sudo touch /usr/share/mime/packages/scala-mime.xml
  4. Add the following contents to scala-mime.xml:
    &lt;?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?&gt;
    &lt;mime-type type="text/x-scala"&gt;
    &lt;comment&gt;Scala programming language&lt;/comment&gt;
    &lt;glob pattern="*.scala"/&gt;
  5. Run
    sudo update-mime-database /usr/share/mime
  6. Start (or restart, if its running) gedit and you now have scala syntax highlighting in place.

Ubuntu and HP TouchSmart Sound

I upgraded my Ubuntu install on my HP TouchSmart machine to version 11.04 (Natty Narwhal). Ubuntu 11.04 Unity Desktop experience is so nice and smooth that I started using my HP TouchSmart actively again. It had been sitting gathering dust for the last many months!

The last version of Ubuntu on this machine was 10.04, which was upgraded to 11.04, via a 10.10 upgrade en route. During 10.04 days, I had trouble getting Ubuntu to work smoothly on this machine. The internal speakers did not work (only external speakers did), the wifi did not work, and the touch screen lost its touch qualities. After I upgraded to 11.04, I somehow believed many of these past woes would get corrected but that wasn’t the case. So I actively started making some effort to resolve these issues. Getting the internal speaker sound to work was the first of the things I did and surprisingly a few minutes is all I needed to solve the problem.

The fix on the TouchSmart is really a simple and 1 line addition to a configuration file. Open the terminal and type the following:

sudo gedit /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf

This will open alsa-base.conf in gedit, the official text editor on the Gnome desktop. If you like vi instead of gedit then open the file as follows:

sudo vi /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf

At the very end add the following 1 line to alsa-base.conf file:

options snd-hda-intel model=touchsmart

Now, save the file and reload alsa using:

sudo alsa force-reload

and the internal speakers are in business. That was quick and simple. Wasn’t it?

A little peek into why this fix works and how this may apply to systems other than the TouchSmart:

Find out the model of your sound card using:

cat /proc/asound/card0/codec* | grep Codec

On my TouchSmart the output is as follows:

Codec: Analog Devices AD1984A

ALSA (Advanced Linux Sound Architecture) provides audio and MIDI functionality to the Linux OS. Browse the ALSA documentation to see list of supported audio models for your card. The documentation is available in /usr/share/doc/alsa-base/driver/HD-Audio-Models.txt.gz, which is a compressed file. You can list the content of this file, without decompressing, as follows:

gunzip -c /usr/share/doc/alsa-base/driver/HD-Audio-Models.txt.gz

It  may be a good idea to page through the file using the more command like so:

gunzip -c /usr/share/doc/alsa-base/driver/HD-Audio-Models.txt.gz | more

On my machine, I see the following entries relevant to AD1984A :


AD1884A / AD1883 / AD1984A / AD1984B
desktop    3-stack desktop (default)
laptop    laptop with HP jack sensing
mobile    mobile devices with HP jack sensing
thinkpad    Lenovo Thinkpad X300
touchsmart    HP Touchsmart


(First column is the model and second one is the description)

This explains why the value of snd-hda-intel model was set to touchsmart. This hopefully also gives you a clue to find your sound card model and its supported configuration values for that model if you have a problem getting sound to work on your own Ubuntu install.

For additional reference, consider reading

My new book: Professional NoSQL (Wiley, 2011)

My new book, Professional NoSQL (Wiley, 2011) is now available in bookstores.

NoSQL is an emerging topic and a lot of developers, architects, technology managers, and CIO(s) are fairly confused trying to understand where it fits in the stack. While these folks are trying to come up to speed and climb up the learning curve, many NoSQL enthusiasts and product vendors are presenting the usual jargon heavy, myth centric promises and confusing them further. Given this context, I have made an attempt to present an unbiased and objective overview of the topic: explaining the fundamentals, introducing the products, presenting a few of its nuances, and describing the context in which it exists.

Read the first chapter, which is available for download online and consider buying a copy. If you find errors, then please let me know of them.

Hope you enjoy reading the book and find it useful.